Canada orders vitamin D study
From Saturday’s Globe and Mail
May 10, 2008 at 12:52 AM EDT
Health Canada says it will launch a study by this fall investigating
dramatic claims that a lack of vitamin D could be linked to ailments such as
cancer, heart disease and multiple sclerosis.
There has been rising pressure on Health Canada for such an investigation
because the Canadian Cancer Society and the Canadian Pediatric Society say
the evidence on the benefits of taking more of the sunshine vitamin is so
strong that they are recommending large doses of it – amounts that, for some
ages, are five to 10 times higher than what the government advises.
Major disagreements among respected public-health agencies about the
required amount of an everyday vitamin are almost unheard of in the medical
community, and Health Canada, in response to questions from The Globe and
Mail, said it intends to sign a contract by this fall for a study on vitamin
D health claims and dosage.
The vitamin review will be conducted by the Institute of Medicine’s Food and
Nutrition Board, a respected Washington-based science advisory group.
Adequate intake of sunshine vitamin in dispute
Many researchers view Canada’s current standard as seriously outdated
because it was developed in 1997, and was based mainly on the low levels of
vitamin D needed to prevent childhood rickets.
The pledge ends a year-long period in which Health Canada has said reviewing the vitamin was a “high priority.” But it did little to resolve the dose
controversy, in part because of the Byzantine procedure it follows to
determine how much of any nutrient people should pop daily.
Canadian levels aren’t set in this country, but through a harmonization
process with the United States based on studies from the Food and Nutrition
Until now, the board has not weighed in on the vitamin D controversy because
it hasn’t been formally approached by either Canada or the United States and
it won’t study the topic unless one or both governments ask. Neither country
has requested a vitamin D review, said Linda Meyers, the board’s director,
although she said both governments have recently made informal approaches.
Resolving the issue will be relatively inexpensive, compared against the
billions of dollars some experts contend are being added to North America’s
medical bills due to vitamin D deficiencies. According to Ms. Meyers, a
study would cost $1-million and take one year to complete.
Linking nutrient standards to a cumbersome binational process has angered
some groups in Canada, in part because of mounting evidence that Canadians,
living at a more northerly latitude, are at higher risk of vitamin D
insufficiency than citizens of the United States.
Most of a person’s vitamin D is made when skin is exposed to strong,
ultraviolet sunlight, hence the sunshine vitamin moniker. Light is too weak
to make it the natural way for about six months during fall and winter in
Canada, an effect that isn’t as pronounced in large parts of the United
States, making up-to-date supplementation advice more important for
“When science and credible organizations are making those recommendations
[for more vitamin D] and the government is seemingly focused on
harmonization, there is not a rationale there,” contends Brent Patterson,
spokesman for the Council of Canadians. The nationalist advocacy
organization wrote Health Minister Tony Clement in March complaining that
the vitamin harmonization process could be harming Canadians.
Getting the right dose of vitamin D has emerged as a pressing topic because
dozens of recent studies have linked insufficiency to chronic health
A dose review is “very urgent because I’ve seen remarkable things happen in
my practice” using vitamin D treatments, said Gerry Schwalfenberg, a
clinical lecturer in the department of family medicine at the University of
Alberta in Edmonton. He has found that the nutrient helps with diabetes and
chronic back pain at doses higher than what Health Canada recommends.
Frank Garland, professor in the department of family and preventive medicine
at the University of California San Diego, said “the argument is pretty
clear that you guys [in Canada] are in a geographical situation which puts
you at higher risk than most of the United States” of having low levels of
Canada’s current recommended doses range from 200 to 600 international units
a day, depending on age.
A review of the standard is “absolutely critical,” Dr. Garland said. “The
current recommended daily allowance seems only to be able to be useful in
prevention of rickets in childhood, and the latest information that we have
is that levels, instead of 200 [IU], really need to be 2,000 [IU].”
THANKS to my friend Dr. Reinhold Veith for sending me this great news!