Vitamin C and B vitamins
Nutr Cancer. 2007;59(1):8-13.
Oxidant stress and B vitamins status in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
Department of Infection, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung City, Taiwan, ROC.
In this study, we examined oxidative stress and B vitamins status in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients at different stages. NSCLC patients were divided into 2 groups, stage III (IIIA + IIIB, n = 27) and stage IV (n = 23). A total of 16 healthy control subjects were included for comparison. Plasma levels of alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene, vitamin C, Se, Cu, Zn, reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), lipid oxidation and the activities of glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and xanthine oxidase (XO) were determined for evaluating oxidative status in these subjects. B vitamins (B(1), B(2), B(6), B(12), folate) in blood and plasma ghrelin level in these subjects were analyzed. Results showed that plasma level of ghrelin and lipid oxidation in NSCLC patients were significantly greater than control groups (P < 0.05). The activity of GPX, SOD, or catalase was significantly reduced, but XO activity was significantly elevated in NSCLC patients (P < 0.05). Plasma level of GSH was significantly lower, but GSSG level was significantly increased in NSCLC patients (P < 0.05). Vitamins B(2) and B(6) levels in red blood cells (RBC) from NSCLC patients were significantly lower (P < 0.05), and both were negatively correlated with plasma ghrelin. The correlation coefficients were -0.788 and -0.752, respectively. These data suggest that plasma GSH level may be a proper biomarker for evaluating oxidation status for NSCLC patients. RBC levels of vitamins B2 and B6 were reduced in NSCLC patients; thus, the importance of vitamins B(2) and B(6) for NSCLC patients could not be ignored.
Eur J Nutr. 2007 Aug;46(5):293-9. Epub 2007 Jun 14.
B vitamins deficiency and decreased anti-oxidative state in patients with liver cancer.
Dept. of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Sec. 1, Chien Kuo N. Rd, Taichung, 402, Taiwan, ROC.
BACKGROUND: This study examined the status of oxidative stress and B vitamins in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients in different tumor-node-metastasis stages. Patients were divided into two groups as I + II (n = 21) and III + IV (n = 19). METHODS: Plasma levels of lipid oxidation, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene, vitamin C, glutathione and the activity of antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and xanthine oxidase) were determined for evaluating oxidative status. Blood B vitamins (B(1), B(2), B(6), B(12), and folate) and serum ghrelin were analyzed, and the relationship between serum ghrelin and vitamins B(2) (or B(6)) was evaluated. RESULTS: HCC patients at III + IV stage showed significantly lower ghrelin, higher cholesterol, triglyceride, and uric acid than patients at I + II stage and healthy subjects (P < 0.05). Plasma lipid oxidation level in HCC patients was significantly greater than healthy subjects (P < 0.05). The activity of glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase or catalase was significantly decreased, but xanthine oxidase activity was significantly elevated in HCC patients (P < 0.05). Plasma level of glutathione and vitamin C, not alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene, in HCC patients was significantly lower (P < 0.05). Vitamins B(2) and B(6) levels in red blood cells from these HCC patients were significantly lower (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study provided novel clinical findings regarding the status of oxidative stress and B vitamins in HCC patients. Plasma glutathione level may be a proper biomarker for evaluating oxidative status for HCC patients. Our data indicate that HCC patients might need B vitamins supplementation. The increased serum level of triglyceride and cholesterol might be a consequence of an impaired hepatic fat metabolism, and might be improved by a lower fat administration to these patients.