Dr. Weeks’ Comment: Not only do the seeds lower NF-kB inflammation and help people deal with cancer more successfully, but they also help with the pain and suffering associated with arthritis. Eat the seed!
Black cumin seed BLOCKS NF-kB to remedy ARTHRITIS
Pharmacol Res. 2015 Sep;99:63-73. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2015.05.006. Epub 2015 May 28.
Thummuri D1, et al
Osteoclasts are multinuclear giant cells responsible for bone resorption in inflammatory bone diseases such as osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and periodontitis. Because of deleterious side effects with currently available drugs the search continues for novel effective and safe therapies. Thymoquinone (TQ), the major bioactive component of Nigella sativa has been investigated for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activities. However, its effects in osteoclastogenesis have not been reported. In the present study we show for the first time that TQ inhibits nuclear factor-KB ligand (RANKL) induced osteoclastogenesis in RAW 264.7 and primary bone marrow derived macrophages (BMMs) cells. RANKL induced osteoclastogenesis is associated with increased expression of multiple transcription factors via activation of NF-KB, MAPKs signalling and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Mechanistically TQ blocked the RANKL induced NF-KB activation by attenuating the phosphorylation of IkB kinase (IKKα/β). Interestingly, in RAW 264.7 cells TQ inhibited the RANKL induced phosphorylation of MAPKs and mRNA expression of osteoclastic specific genes such as TRAP, DC-STAMP, NFATc1 and c-Fos. In addition, TQ also decreased the RANKL stimulated ROS generation in macropahges (RAW 264.7) and H2O2 induced ROS generation in osteoblasts (MC-3T3-E1). Consistent with in vitro results, TQ inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced bone resorption by suppressing the osteoclastogenesis. Indeed, micro-CT analysis showed that bone mineral density (BMD) and bone architecture parameters were positively modulated by TQ. Taken together our data demonstrate that TQ has antiosteoclastogenic effect by inhibiting inflammation induced activation of MAPKs, NF-KB and ROS generation followed by suppressing the gene expression of c-Fos and NFATc1 in osteoclast precursors.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Sep 6;438(4):721-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.07.110. Epub 2013 Aug 1.
Thymoquinone (TQ), the active ingredient of Nigella sativa, has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive properties. The present study was aimed at elucidating the molecular mechanisms of anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities of thymoquinone in mouse skin. Pretreatment of female HR-1 hairless mouse skin with TQ attenuated 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). TQ diminished nuclear translocation and the DNA binding of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) via the blockade of phosphorylation and subsequent degradation of IκBα in TPA-treated mouse skin. Pretreatment with TQ attenuated the phosphorylation of Akt, c-Jun-N-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, but not that of extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2. Moreover, topical application of TQ induced the expression of heme oxygenase-1, NAD(P)H-quinoneoxidoreductase-1, glutathione-S-transferase and glutamate cysteine ligase in mouse skin. Taken together, the inhibitory effects of TQ on TPA-induced COX-2 expression and NF-κB activation, and its ability to induce the expression of cytoprotective proteins provide a mechanistic basis of anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects of TQ in hairless mouse skin.
J Cell Biochem. 2011 Jan;112(1):107-17. doi: 10.1002/jcb.22884.
Vaillancourt F1, et al
Thymoquinone (TQ) is the major active compound derived from the medicinal Nigella sativa. A few studies have shown that TQ exhibits anti-inflammatory activities in experimental models of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) through mechanisms that are not fully understood. The aim of this work was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo effects of TQ and to investigate its influence on the major signalling pathways involved in pathophysiological RA changes. We used isolated human RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and a rat adjuvant-induced arthritis model of RA. In isolated RA FLS, TQ (0-10 µM) was not cytotoxic and inhibited slightly lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced FLS proliferation and strongly H(2)O(2)-induced 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) generation. By studying different inflammatory and catabolic factors, we determined that TQ significantly abolished LPS-induced interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), metalloproteinase-13, cyclooxygenase-2, and prostaglandin E(2). Furthermore, LPS-induced the phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, extracellular-regulated kinases ½, and nuclear factor-kappaB-p65 were also blocked by TQ in time-dependent manner. In our experimental RA model, the oral administration of TQ 5 mg/kg/day significantly reduced the serum levels of HNE, IL-1β and TNFα as well as bone turnover markers, such as alkaline phosphatase and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. The protective effects of TQ against RA were also evident from the decrease in arthritis scoring and bone resorption. In conclusion, the fact that TQ abolishes a number of factors known to be involved in RA pathogenesis renders it a clinically valuable agent in the prevention of articular diseases