Fatty acids and oxidative stress in psychiatric disorders.


3: BMC Psychiatry. 2008 Apr 17;8 Suppl 1:S5.
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Fatty acids and oxidative stress in psychiatric disorders.Tsaluchidu S, Cocchi M, Tonello L, Puri BK.

Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy. sofia.tsl@alice.it

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is published evidence for increased oxidative stress in neuropsychiatric disorders.

METHODS: A PubMed search was carried out using the MeSH search term ‘oxidative stress’ in conjunction with each of the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic categories of the American Psychiatric Association in order to identify potential studies.
RESULTS: There was published evidence of increased oxidative stress in the following DSM-IV-TR diagnostic categories: mental retardation; autistic disorder; Rett’s disorder; attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; delirium; dementia; amnestic disorders; alcohol-related disorders; amphetamine (or amphetamine-like)-related disorders; hallucinogen-related disorders; nicotine-related disorders; opioid-related disorders; schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders; mood disorders; anxiety disorders; sexual dysfunctions; eating disorders; and sleep disorders.
CONCLUSION: Most psychiatric disorders are associated with increased oxidative stress. Patients suffering from that subgroup of these psychiatric disorders in which there is increased lipid peroxidation might therefore benefit from fatty acid supplementation (preferably with the inclusion of an antioxidant-rich diet) while patients suffering from all these psychiatric disorders might benefit from a change to a whole-food plant-based diet devoid of refined carbohydrate products.

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